Brain Candy – What are Nootropics, Adderall, Ritalin…

 

Preface- This site does not endorse illicit drug use. The following post is for educational purposes only. Please use your own discretion and avoid breaking laws. You can buy Modafinil or buy Modalert online.

After the release of the movie Limitless, the area of brain enhancement has become a topic of interest. This movie is about an experimental drug called NZT-48 that induced mental superpowers. In our world today, there exists very mild forms of this smart drug.

One class of brain boosters includes amphetamines. Some drugs that fall under this include Adderal, Benzedrine, Desoxyn, Dexedrine, and Vyvanse. Amphetamines are prescription drugs used to treat individuals diagnosed with attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). Adderal and these other amphetamines are used to experience a euphoric effect and lasts anywhere from 10 to 13 hours. These drugs release the neurotransmitters–namely dopamine, noradrenalin, and serotonin, to induce mesolimbic reward pathways and mesocortical reward pathways. These pathways are responsible for driving feelings of motivation, behavior, and reward.  Dopamine and serotonin play a crucial role in these pathways. Despite these boosting effects, amphetamines carry heavy disadvantages and possible health risks. Negative side effects include risk of heart attack, risk of psychosis, jitters, and addiction.

Another class of brain boosters are methylphenidates. This includes Ritalin, Concerta, Focalin, Attenta, Rubifen, and Methylin. Methylphendates are most commonly prescribed as phychostimulants to treat ADHD, narcolepsy, depression, obesity, and lethargy. These drugs work by inhibiting monoamine transportation and increase norepinephrine and dopamine production in the brain. The effects of methylphenidates are similar to those of amphetamines. They are also structurally similar to cocaine, but the effects are not as intense as cocaine. The negative side effects include addiction, depression, psychosis, irritability, and anxiety.

Next, we have the modafinil class: Provogil, Modalert, Alertec, Modiodal, and Adrafinil. Modafinil is used to treat patients with narcolepsy or other sleep disorders. This drugs enhances the release of dopamine and norepinephrine in the brain which induces wakefulness and spatial task proficiency. However, modafinil can cause rashes formation, insomnia, irritability, and agitation.

Lastly, we examine world of nootropics. Nootropics, commonly known as “smart drugs” are thought to improve brain performance. The term nootropic was termed by the Romanian Dr. Corneliu E. Giurgea who was renowned for discovering and advancing this field of study. He also synthesized the first nootropic ever in 1964: Piracetam. A major advantage of nootropics is that the side effects are relatively less intense than those of amphetamines, methylphenidates, and modafinils. In fact, some nootropics have no known negative side effects (ex. dimethlethanolamine, vinpocetine, etc.) A list of nootropics and their effects in detail can be found here.

All of the performance-enhancing chemicals described are naturally produced in our brain. Most commercial drugs are illegal without a prescription. The effects of these drugs will vary depending on different individuals. Negative effects may outweigh positive effects. Your brain may perform best without brain boosters.

Source 1, 2, 3, 4

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7 Responses

  1. Paulina Arcia says:

    One of the many problems that some narcoleptics experience is cataplexy, a sudden muscular weakness brought on by strong emotions (though many people experience cataplexy without having an emotional trigger).;,’..

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  3. nootropics says:

    Nootropic is a term for a supplement that is ingested primarily for its effects on the brain. Many supplements that are touted to increase cognition, focus, alertness, or well being are grouped under this vague blanket statement.

  4. Nootropic says:

    nootropics are useful to :
    Help protect the brain against chemical injuries
    Help protect the brain against physical injuries

  5. Carl says:

    Now there is a longer lasting version of Modafinil, it is being marketed by Cephalon and is now being sold online. It’s called Armodafinil and there are two major brands – Artvigil and Nuvigil. The cheaper generic brand from India is called Artvigil and you can buy 300 pills for relatively cheap.

  1. December 27, 2012

    […] contains choline, an essential nutrient linked to cardiovascular health benefits. The University of North Carolina […]

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    […] by scientists at Cambridge University suggests that cocaine may speed up the aging process of the brain. Abusers’ neurons age more quickly due to the loss of grey matter in the brain, which has […]

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